Mnemonic description of calls:
pik used by both sexes (Jackson and Ouellet , 2020)
What do we know about downy woodpecker song?
Do not sing.
Drum about 1.5 sec for 9-15 bursts/min (Kilham, 1962c)
How and when is vocalization acquired?
Calls are likely not learned
How can we facilitate learning?
No recommendation since don’t sing and calls are likely not learned.
Jackson, J. A. and H. R. Ouellet (2020). Downy Woodpecker (Dryobates pubescens), version 1.0. In Birds of the World (P. G. Rodewald, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA.
Forbush, E. H. (1927). Birds of Massachusetts and Other New England States, Part II. Massachusetts Department of Agriculture, Boston, MA, USA.
Kilham, L. (1962c). Reproductive behavior of Downy Woodpeckers. Condor 64:126-133.
*******I haven’t seen next one . *******
Short, L. L. (1982). Woodpeckers of the World. Monograph Series 4, Delaware Museum of Natural History, Greenville, DE, USA.