Averages 18 beats per second (Pieplow 2017, Miller et al. 2020)
.75 sec to > 1 sec duration (Miller et al. 2020)
Average 12.92 beats per/drum (Miller et al. 2020)
Only males drum
Drum year-round, more during breeding season
Miller, K. E., D. L. Leonard Jr., C. E. Shackelford, R. E. Brown, and R. N. Conner (2020). Red-bellied Woodpecker (Melanerpes carolinus), version 1.0. In Birds of the World (P. G. Rodewald, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.rebwoo.01
Pieplow, Nathan (2017). Peterson Field Guide to Bird Sounds of Eastern North America. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, Boston, MA.