Winter Wren

Start learning song at about 3 weeks of age
Shares songs with neighbors (Catchpole and Rowell 1993, Kroodsma 1980, Van Horne 1995)
One song type repeated up to 40 times
Countersing (Armstrong 1955)

  • Catchpole, C. K. and A. Rowell. (1993). Song sharing and local dialects in a population of the European wren Troglodytes troglodytes. Behaviour 125:67-78.
  • Bent, A. C. (1948). Life histories of North American nuthatches, wrens, thrashers, and their allies. United States National Museum Bulletin 195.
  • Kroodsma, D. E. (1980). Winter Wren singing behavior: a pinnacle of song complexity. Condor 82:357-365.
  • Armstrong, E. A. (1955). The wren. London: Collins.
  • Van Horne, B. (1995). Assessing vocal variety in the Winter Wren, a bird with a complex repertoire. Condor 97:39-49.

Hejl, S. J., J. A. Holmes, and D. E. Kroodsma (2020). Winter Wren (Troglodytes hiemalis), version 1.0. In Birds of the World (S. M. Billerman, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA.